UST Operator Training Laws & Regulations

Federal UST Laws and Regulations

  • Title XV, Section B of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Title XV, Section B of the Energy Policy Act of 2005) amends Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the original legislation that created the underground storage tank (UST) program. The UST provisions of the Energy Policy Act focus on preventing releases and direct EPA to help states comply with new UST requirements.
  • Section 1524 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Section 1524 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005) states that EPA, in coordination with states, must develop training guidelines for three distinct classes of operators who operate and maintain federally regulated underground storage tank systems.States receiving funding under Subtitle I shall also develop state-specific training requirements consistent with EPA’s guidelines. The state-specific training requirements must:
    • Be developed in cooperation with tank owners and operators;
    • Take into consideration training programs implemented by owners and operators; and
    • Be appropriately communicated to tank owners and operators.
  • 40 CFR Parts 280 and 281 Revising Underground Storage Tank Regulations—Revisions to Existing Requirements and New Requirements for Secondary Containment and Operator Training; Final Rule (PDF 119 pp, 1.5 MB)
    On July 15, 2015, the EPA published the 2015 underground storage tank regulation and the 2015 state program approval regulation. The revisions strengthen the 1988 federal underground storage tank (UST) regulations by increasing emphasis on properly operating and maintaining UST equipment. The revisions will help prevent and detect UST releases, which are a leading source of groundwater contamination. The revisions will also help ensure all USTs in the United States, including those in Indian country, meet the same minimum standards. This is the first major revision to the federal UST regulations since 1988.
  • EPA Laws and Regulations Website

Preventing And Detecting Underground Storage Tank System Releases

The links below direct you to resources on preventing releases from UST systems:

Additional Resources

Useful UST Publications

State UST Laws and Regulations

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revised the Underground Storage Tank (UST) Regulation and the State Approval Regulation in June 2015.  States have until October 13, 2018 to apply or reapply for underground storage tank (UST) State Program Approval (SPA).

State State UST Agency & Regulations
Alabama

 

The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) – Underground Storage Tanks (UST) Program administers the UST regulatory guidance to help prevent releases and to require the cleanup of pollution caused by releases from underground storage tanks (USTs).

Agency Link: http://adem.alabama.gov/programs/water/groundwater.cnt

UST Regulation(s):

Alaska

 

The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) – Division of Spill Prevention and Response (SPAR) – Prevention Preparedness and Response Program (PPR) protects public health, safety and the environment by preventing and mitigating the effects of oil and hazardous substance releases and ensuring their cleanup while providing technical and regulatory assistance on regulated UST systems.

Agency Link: http://dec.alaska.gov/spar/ppr/tanks.htm

UST Regulation(s): 

Arizona

 

Arizona’s Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) – Waste Programs Division ensures proper operation and maintenance of regulated underground storage tank systems by conducting periodic inspections and assisting owners and operators in complying with applicable state and federal regulations. Enforcement actions are taken in cases of significant non-compliance. The division also protects public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from underground storage tanks.

Agency Link: http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/waste/ust/index.html

UST Regulation(s):

Arkansas

 

The Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) – Regulated Storage Tanks Division (RST) drafts, administers, and enforces state regulations pertaining to underground storage tanks, as well as aboveground petroleum storage tanks and is the state’s main environmental protection agency, charged with protecting, enhancing, and restoring the environment for Arkansans.

Agency Link: https://www.adeq.state.ar.us/rst/programs/training/

UST Regulation(s):

California

 

The California Environmental Protection Agency – State Water Resource Control Board (SWCB) – Division of Water Quality – Underground Storage Tank Program is the state’s main environmental protection agency, charged with protecting, enhancing, and restoring the environment for California.

Agency Link: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/ust/

UST Regulation(s):

Colorado

 

The Colorado Division of Oil & Public Safety (OPS) –  Petroleum Program regulates petroleum storage facilities with USTs (underground storage tanks) that hold 110 gallons or more and ASTs (aboveground storage tanks) that hold between 660 and 40,000 gallons.

Agency Link: https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/ops/Petroleum

UST Regulation(s):

Connecticut

 

The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP), Bureau of Materials Management and Compliance Assurance – Storage Tank Enforcement Unit is the agency responsible for regulatory guidance and assistance on UST systems in Connecticut.

Agency Link: http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2692&q=505750&depNav_GID=1652

UST Regulation(s):

Delaware

 

The Delaware Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Control – Division of Air & Waste Management – Tank Management Branch underground storage tank (UST) compliance program is responsible for ensuring the safe operation of over 400 federally regulated UST and 150 state regulated UST heating oil facilities in the state. UST systems which are subject to the requirements of the UST compliance program can be found at gas stations, manufacturing facilities, schools, and hospitals

Agency Link: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/tanks/Pages/UST-Compliance-Program.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Florida

 

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/waste/categories/tanks/pages/op_train.htm

UST Regulation(s):

Georgia

 

The Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) – Environmental Protection Division – Underground Storage Tank Management Program is designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://epd.georgia.gov/underground-storage-tanks

UST Regulation(s):

Hawaii

 

The Hawaii Department of Health – Solid & Hazardous Waste Branch – Underground Storage Tank Management Section is designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://health.hawaii.gov/shwb/underground-storage-tanks/

UST Regulation(s):

Idaho

 

The Idaho Department of Environmental Quality – Waste Management and Remediation Division is designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.deq.idaho.gov/waste-mgmt-remediation/storage-tanks/underground-storage-tanks.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Illinois

 

The Illinois Office of State Fire Marshal (OSFM) – Division of Petroleum & Chemical Safety is designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.sfm.illinois.gov/Commercial/Under-Ground-Storage-Tanks

UST Regulation(s):

Indiana

 

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) – Office of Land Quality – Underground Storage Tank Section is designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The IDEM mission is to implement federal and state regulations to protect human health and the environment while allowing the environmentally sound operations of industrial, agricultural, commercial and government activities vital to a prosperous economy..

Agency Link: http://www.in.gov/idem/landquality/2336.htm

UST Regulation(s):

Iowa

 

The Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) – Environmental Services Division – Land Quality Bureau – Underground Storage Tank Section is is responsible for the regulation of underground storage tank systems used for the storage of regulated substances, primarily petroleum products. Staff in the section work with the owners of sites on the detection, prevention and correction of releases of products from underground tanks.

Agency Link: http://www.iowadnr.gov/InsideDNR/RegulatoryLand/UndergroundStorageTanks.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Kansas

 

The Kansas Department of Health and Environment – Bureau of Environmental Remediation – Storage Tank Section is responsible for enforcing federal and state storage tank regulations designed to prevent releases that impact the health and safety of the citizens of the state.

Agency Link: http://www.kdheks.gov/tanks/

UST Regulation(s):

Kentucky

 

The Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection – Division of Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank Branch (USTB) has been designated to provide for the prevention, abatement and control of contaminants from regulated USTs that may threaten human health, safety and the environment. The UST Branch regulates the registration, compliance, closure, inspections and corrective actions of UST systems.

Agency Link: http://waste.ky.gov/ust

UST Regulation(s):

Louisiana

 

The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) – Underground Storage Tank and Remediation Division has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.deq.louisiana.gov/portal/tabid/2659/Default.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Maine

 

The Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) – Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Maine Department of Environmental Protection’s underground oil storage tank program is responsible for protecting public health and the environment, in particular groundwater, by preventing oil discharges to the greatest extent possible.

Agency Link: http://www.maine.gov/dep/rwm/ust/index.htm

UST Regulation(s):

Maryland

 

The Maryland Department of Environment (MDE) – Waste Management Administration – Oil Control Program (OCP) has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.mde.maryland.gov/programs/land/oilcontrol/undergroundstoragetanks/pages/……./index.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Massachusetts

 

The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/toxics/ust/

UST Regulation(s):

Michigan

 

The Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA) – Bureau of Fire Services – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. This program includes regulatory activities and oversight of the design, construction, installation and maintenance of underground storage tanks storing regulated substances.

Agency Link: http://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-42271_4115_4238—,00.html

UST Regulation(s):

Minnesota

 

The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (PCA) – Compliance & Enforcement Section – Tank Compliance & Enforcement Unit – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/waste/waste-and-cleanup/waste-management/tank-compliance-and-assistance/underground-storage-tanks-ust/underground-storage-tank-ust-systems.html

UST Regulation(s):

Mississippi

 

The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) – Office of Pollution Control – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.deq.state.ms.us/MDEQ.nsf/page/UST_PageHome?OpenDocument

UST Regulation(s):

Missouri

 

The Missouri Department of Natural Resources – Hazardous Waste Program – Tanks Section – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/tanks/index.html

UST Regulation(s):

Montana

 

The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) – Permitting & Compliance Division – Waste & Underground Tank Management Bureau – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://deq.mt.gov/UST/default.mcpx

UST Regulation(s):

Nebraska

 

The Nebraska State Fire Marshal – Fuels Division – Flammable Liquids Storage Tank Section – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.sfm.state.ne.us/programs-services/fuels/flst/ust.html

UST Regulation(s):

Nevada

 

The Nevada Department of Conservation & Natural Resources – Division of Environmental Protection (DEP) – Bureau of Corrective Action – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://ndep.nv.gov/bca/ust_home.htm

UST Regulation(s):

New Hampshire

 

The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (DES) – Waste Management Division – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The purpose of the Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program is to prevent and minimize contamination of the land and waters of the state due to the storage and handling of motor fuels, heating oils, lubricating oils, other petroleum and petroleum contaminated liquids, and hazardous substances.

Agency Link: http://des.nh.gov/organization/divisions/waste/orcb/ocs/ustp/index.htm

UST Regulation(s):

New Jersey

 

The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Water Compliance & Enforcement – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/srp/bust/bust.htm

UST Regulation(s):

New Mexico

 

The New Mexico Environment Department – Environmental Protection Division – Petroleum Storage Tank Bureau – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/ust/ustbtop.html

UST Regulation(s):

New York

 

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) – Division of Environmental Remediation – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) has developed programs to establish requirements for the safe storage and handling of these materials, inspection programs to verify that these requirements are being met, and enforcement procedures to require that violations be corrected and deter future non-compliance.

Agency Link: http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/287.html

UST Regulation(s):

North Carolina

 

The North Carolina Department of Environment & Natural Resources (DENR) – Division of Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The UST section ensures compliance with all relevant state and federal laws, policies, rules and regulations by assisting owners and operators in complying with operational standards (leak detection, spill and overfill detection, etc.).

Agency Link: http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/wm/ust

UST Regulation(s):

North Dakota

 

The North Dakota Department of Health (DOH) – Division of Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program works with owners and operators of underground storage tanks to ensure that the compliance, leak detection, new installations, upgrades and tank closures are completed in accordance with North Dakota’s Underground Storage Tank Rules.

Agency Link: http://www.ndhealth.gov/wm/UndergroundStorageTankProgram

UST Regulation(s):

Ohio

 

The Ohio Department of Commerce – Division of State Fire Marshal – Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Regulations (BUSTR) has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Ohio Fire Marshal’s Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Regulations (BUSTR) regulates underground storage tanks (USTs) that contain regulated substances.

Agency Link: http://www.com.ohio.gov/fire/

UST Regulation(s):

Oklahoma

 

The Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OOC) – Petroleum Storage Tank Division (PSTD) has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Division enforces state and federal regulations which pertain to the storage, quality, and delivery of refined petroleum products (i.e., gasoline and other fuels).

Agency Link: http://occeweb.com/ps/aboutpst1.html

UST Regulation(s):

Oregon

 

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) – Operations Division – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The UST Program handles issues related to tank registration and operating certificates; installation, operation and removal of USTs; cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination from petroleum leaks; training of system operators; financial liability protection for future leaks, licensing of contractors working on USTs and enforcement of state UST rules.

Agency Link: http://www.deq.state.or.us/lq/tanks/ust/index.htm

UST Regulation(s):

  • Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) | Chapter 340 Department of Environmental Quality | Division 150 Underground Storage Tank Rules
    • 340-150-0200 Training Requirements for UST System Operators and Emergency Response Information
    • 340-150-0210 Training Requirements for UST Operators
Pennsylvania

 

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) – Bureau of Waste Management – Division of Storage Tanks – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The Storage Tank Program protects Pennsylvania’s air, land and water from storage tank releases and provide for the health and safety of its citizens.

Agency Link: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/storage_tanks/20538

UST Regulation(s):

Rhode Island

 

The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (DEM) – Office of Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.dem.ri.gov/programs/benviron/waste/topictan.htm

UST Regulation(s):

South Carolina

 

The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) – Bureau of Land and Waste Management – Underground Storage Tank Program has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://www.scdhec.gov/Environment/LW/UST/

UST Regulation(s):

South Dakota

 

The South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) – Division of Environmental Services – Groundwater Quality Program – Storage Tanks Section has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs.

Agency Link: http://denr.sd.gov/des/gw/tanks/TankSection.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Tennessee

 

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) – Division of Underground Storage Tanks has been designated to protect public health and the environment through oversight, investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination caused by releases from USTs. The mission of the Division of Underground Storage Tanks is to protect human health and environment by preventing future petroleum underground storage tank releases and remediating existing petroleum underground storage tank contamination.

Agency Link: http://www.tn.gov/environment/underground-storage-tanks/

UST Regulation(s):

Texas

 

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) – Petroleum Storage Tank (PST) – State Lead Program is authorized by law to remediate sites where a release from a PST system has occurred. Release incident cases that are eligible for the program generally involve responsible parties (RPs) who are either financially unable or unwilling to conduct the necessary corrective action(s) at Leaking Petroleum Storage Tank (LPST) sites. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality strives to protect Texas’s public health and natural resources consistent with sustainable economic development. Their goal is clean air, clean water, and the safe management of waste.

Agency Link: https://www.tceq.texas.gov/remediation/pst_sl

UST Regulation(s):

Utah

 

The Utah State Underground Storage Tank program is a regulatory branch of the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Its primary goal is to protect human health and the environment from leaking underground storage tanks (USTs). The UST staff oversees UST notification, installation, inspection, removal, and compliance with State and Federal UST regulations concerning release prevention and remediation.

Agency Link: http://undergroundtanks.utah.gov

UST Regulation(s):

Vermont

 

The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) – Waste Management Division – Underground Storage Tank Program
was created to protect human health and the environment by preventing releases of petroleum and hazardous substances from UST systems and the release of these regulated products into the environment threatens groundwater resources and can cause explosive vapors to seep into confined spaces and occupied dwellings.Agency Link: http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/wastediv/ust/home.htmUST Regulation(s):

Virginia

 

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) – Water Quality Division – Underground Storage Tank Program was created to protect human health and the environment by preventing releases of petroleum and hazardous substances from UST systems and the release of these regulated products into the environment threatens groundwater resources and can cause explosive vapors to seep into confined spaces and occupied dwellings.

Agency Link: http://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/…/PetroleumProgram/StorageTanks/undergroundstoragetanks.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Washington

 

The Washington State Department of Ecology – Toxics Cleanup Program – Underground Storage Tank/Leaking Underground Storage Tank Section was created to protect human health and the environment by preventing releases of petroleum and hazardous substances from UST systems and the release of these regulated products into the environment threatens groundwater resources and can cause explosive vapors to seep into confined spaces and occupied dwellings.

Agency Link: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/tcp/ust-lust/tanks.html

UST Regulation(s):

Washington DC

 

The Washington – District of Columbia (DC) Department of the Environment (DDOE) – Underground Storage Tank (UST) branch’s services protects human health and the environment from the adverse effects of petroleum, petroleum-related products and hazardous materials from USTs in the District of Columbia. This branch is organized into two programs: Underground Storage Tanks (UST) and Leaking Underground Storage Tanks (LUST).

Agency Link: http://doee.dc.gov/service/underground-storage-tank-program

UST Regulation(s):

West Virginia

 

The West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) – Division of Water & Waste Management – Environmental Enforcement – Underground Storage Tank Section was created to protect human health and the environment by preventing releases of petroleum and hazardous substances from UST systems and the release of these regulated products into the environment threatens groundwater resources and can cause explosive vapors to seep into confined spaces and occupied dwellings.

Agency Link: http://www.dep.wv.gov/WWE/ee/ust/Pages/default.aspx

UST Regulation(s):

Wisconsin

 

The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) – Division of Air & Waste – Bureau of Remediation and Redevelopment/RR – Underground Storage Tank Program was created to protect human health and the environment by preventing releases of petroleum and hazardous substances from UST systems and the release of these regulated products into the environment threatens groundwater resources and can cause explosive vapors to seep into confined spaces and occupied dwellings.

Agency Link: http://datcp.wi.gov/Consumer/Hazardous_Materials_Storage_Tanks/

UST Regulation(s):

Wyoming

 

The Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) – Water Quality Division – Solid & Hazardous Waste Division – Storage Tank Program (STP) team regulates the installation and operation of STP-regulated storage tank systems and oversees cleanup at sites impacted by eligible leaking tanks to protect Wyoming’s land and groundwater from contamination.

Agency Link: http://deq.wyoming.gov/shwd/storage-tank/

UST Regulation(s):